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The Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA) protects discrimination against pregnant employees. The PDA further mandates that women affected by pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical conditions shall be treated the same for all employment-related purposes, including receipt of benefits under fringe benefit programs, as other persons not so affected but similar in their ability or inability to work. Under the PDA, an otherwise inclusive plan that singles out pregnancy-related benefits for exclusion is discriminatory. The Pregnancy Discrimination Act modified Title VII by requiring that discrimination on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical conditions be considered discrimination because of sex.

Male employees may also state a claim under the Pregnancy Discrimination Act for limitations of the pregnancy-related benefits afforded their wives.

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