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The Freedom of Information Act permits regular individuals, businesses, and media to write and request certain information from government institutions. However, not all state and federal agencies are subject to FOIA. For instance, the White House and Congress is not subject to FOIA requirements, and certain types of information – such as weapons information, CIA information, or secret intelligence – is not subject to the Freedom of Information Act, nor can you obtain personal information with FOIA, such as medical records or personnel files.

However, FOIA requests are often difficult, time-consuming, and fruitless, particularly when a agency does not want you to have the information.

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