The Bar Exam is given to law school graduates. The bar exam is an examination administered by State Bar organizations. The State Bar organizations, among other things, regulate the quality of legal services provided in the state. The test is one of the primary instruments by which they do so.
Passing the bar exam is the biggest obstacle to getting a bar license. In some states, there may be other requirements, such as having three years of legal education.
Each state’s bar examination is unique but almost all states use a two day format incorporating the nationally administered Multistate Bar Exam (MBE), a 6-hour, 200 question multiple-choice exam as a component of their test. “State specific” law is often tested on a second day of testing, usually in essay format.
In most jurisdictions, the bar exam is offered twice a year, in February and July.